Fire is one of the key elements of a survival situation. Once we have a fire lit, we must never let it go out. However sometimes our situation changes and we have to move to a new location for some reason. Let’s consider our options for transporting fire so we do not have to go through the entire lighting process again.
Whilst the title of this post is Transporting Fire, the idea of these techniques is to transport a smoldering ember, not a fully lit fire. Once we reach our new destination, air/oxygen are blown into the ember, and a new fire is built.
The Long Match
This is a great and relatively simple method of transporting fire. It consists of an outer shell that holds dry fuel which smolders. To make the outer shell you will need something that can be rolled up into a tube, bark from a tree is perfect. Use a section of bark that is about a foot long.
Next, fill it with dry materials that will smolder. Things like dry leaves, grass etc. These materials should be placed on the inside of the outer shell and then rolled up tightly to hold them together.
Once the match is rolled, ensure it is tied with some form of cordage to stop it from unrolling on the way. If you want to make the match extra secure you can use another small piece of bark and fold it into the bottom of the match to help prevent any of the dry materials falling out.
A very similar technique is the Apache Fire Match, where sticks are used as the outer shell in place of the bark.
Push the fuel down into the match and then place the ember/coal into the fuel. Make sure the fuel catches and then place a thin layer of the dry fuel over the top of the coal. We now have our fire transporting long match.
A Fire Can
This method of transporting our fire uses an empty tin can. Tightly pack dry materials into the can until it is about three quarters full. Place the ember into the fuel, making sure it catches. Then tightly pack the can the rest of the way with dry fuel.
The fire can will keep the ember going for hours. Once you have reached your new destination simply empty the can into a new fire structure. Gently blow on the ember and you have fire again.
You may or may not have access to the correct type of fungi for this but if you are in an area where it forms then it makes transporting fire pretty simple. Tinder Fungus is dark brown or black on the outside, and reddish- brown on the inside.
These fungi just need to be exposed to a hot coal and wrapped in moss once the ember has taken hold. A fire can very easily be built at a new destination from this ember.
These are just a few fire transporting methods. Fire is a great morale booster in a survival situation. Knowing that it can be transported wherever we need to go is a bonus.
Make sure you practice these technique regularly!